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Friday, 28 September 2012

Comparison of audio formats

General information

General Information about Audio Compression Formats - creator/company, license/price etc.
Audio compression format Creator First public release date Latest stable version Encoder Cost Player Cost Proprietary implementations (codecs) Open-source implementations (codecs) Application (besides consumer audio) Music reproduction (consumer audio) telephony app Lossless audio compression Patented DRM
AAC ISO/IEC MPEG Audio Committee 1997 ISO/IEC 14496-3 Non-free[1] Non-free[1] FAAC (encoding only), iTunes, Nero Digital Audio FAAD2 (decoding only), FFmpeg, Android OpenCORE AAC (decoding only)[2] Digital TV service, internet streaming Yes No No Non-free Yes Non-free FairPlay (.m4p Only, Discontinued)
AC-3 Dolby Laboratories 1992 ? Non-free Non-free DVD players, Digital television FFmpeg, liba52 (decoding only), Aften (encoding only), libavc (2.0 channels max) Theatrical movie presentation, Digital TV service & home-video (personal recorders, DVD, etc.) No No No Non-free Yes ?
ALAC Apple Inc. 2004-04-28 QuickTime 7.6 Free Free QuickTime, iTunes, RealPlayer MacOSforge, FFmpeg - Music archival Yes Yes ? Possible, but never Implemented
ALS ISO/IEC MPEG Audio Committee 2005 ISO/IEC 14496-3 Free Free mp4als FFmpeg (decoding only) - - No Yes Non-free Yes ?
AMR 3GPP 1999-06-22 ETSI TS 126 071 V9.0.0 (2009) Non-free[3][4] Non-free[3][4] QuickTime, RealPlayer FFmpeg (decoding only), FFmpeg with OpenCORE libraries,[5] Android[6] voice recording No Yes No Non-free Yes No
AMR-WB
(G.722.2)
3GPP 2001-04-10 ETSI TS 126 190 V8.0.0 (2009-01) Non-free Non-free QuickTime, RealPlayer FFmpeg (decoding only),[5] FFmpeg with VisualOn libraries, Android (decoding only),[6] opencore-amr for both encoding and decoding voice recording No Yes No Non-free Yes No
AMR-WB+ 3GPP 2004-06-14 ETSI TS 126 290 V8.0.0 (2009-01) Non-free[7][8] Non-free[7][8]  ?  ? voice recording Yes Yes No Non-free Yes No
apt-X APTX 1989 2007 Non-free Non-free broadcast audio codecs: Systembase, APT, AVT, Harris Corporation, MAYAH, Prodys, Qbit; wireless headphones: iSkin, JayBird Gear, DTS discs for movies ? low latency Studio/transmitter link, Bluetooth A2DP stereo, digital Wireless microphone Yes Yes No Non-free Yes No
ATRAC Sony Corp. 1991 ATRAC3plus Non-free Non-free MiniDisc, Walkman, VAIO, Clie, PlayStation3, PlayStation Portable, SDDS, SonicStage, SoundForge, RealPlayer, ConnectPlayer FFmpeg (decoding only, ATRAC3plus and ATRAC Advanced Lossless are not supported) voice recording, Theatrical movie presentation - No Yes Non-free Yes Non-free Yes
CELT Xiph.Org Foundation, Jean-Marc Valin 2007-12-08 0.11.1 Free Free
libcelt, FFmpeg with libcelt library (decoding only) Speech, VoIP, Low latency, Studio/transmitter link, wireless audio Yes Yes No No No
Codec2 David Rowe 2010  ? Free Free
c2enc, c2dec low bandwidth HF/VHF digital radio, VOIP trunking No Yes No No No
FLAC Xiph.Org Foundation, Josh Coalson 2001-07-20 1.2.1 Free Free
FLAC,[9] Flake (encoding only),[10] FFmpeg - - Yes Yes No No
G.711 ITU-T 1972 (ITU-T standard from 1988) G.711 Appendix II (02/00) Free Free various proprietary VoIP software FFmpeg, Ekiga, Asterisk (PBX) and almost any VoIP software voice recording No Yes No No No
G.722 ITU-T 1988-11
Free Free various proprietary VoIP software Asterisk (PBX), QuteCom, FFmpeg voice recording No Yes No No No
G.722.1 ITU-T 1999-09 G.722.1 (05/05) Free[11][12] Free[11][12] various proprietary VoIP software FreeSWITCH,[13] pjsip, etc voice recording No Yes No Non-free Yes No
G.722.2
(AMR-WB)
ITU-T (adopted directly from 3GPP) 2002-01 G.722.2 (07/03) Non-free Non-free QuickTime, RealPlayer FFmpeg (decoding only),[5] FFmpeg with VisualOn libraries, Android (decoding only)[6] voice recording, audio No No No Non-free Yes No
G.723.1 ITU-T 1996-03 G.723.1 (05/06) Non-free Non-free various proprietary VoIP software FFmpeg voice recording No Yes No Non-free Yes No
G.726 ITU-T 1990-12
Free Free various proprietary VoIP software FFmpeg, Ekiga and other VoIP software voice recording No Yes No No No
G.728 ITU-T 1992-09
Non-free Non-free various proprietary VoIP software
voice recording No Yes No Non-free Yes No
G.729 ITU-T 1996-03 G.729 (01/07) Non-free Non-free various proprietary VoIP software FFmpeg (decoding only) voice recording No Yes No Non-free Yes No
GSM-FR ETSI Special Mobile Group 1990-1994 (ETS 300 580-2) ETSI EN 300 961 V8.1.1 (2000–11) Free Free
FFmpeg (decoding only), FFmpeg with external library libgsm, Ekiga and other VoIP software voice recording No Yes No  ? No
iLBC Global IP Solutions 2002
Free Free Cisco IP Communicator,[14] old versions of Skype[15] Ekiga, Asterisk (PBX) and other VoIP software, FFmpeg with libilbc library voice recording No Yes No No?[16] No
iSAC Global IP Solutions  ?
Free Free Yahoo! Messenger WebRTC voice recording No Yes No Free[17]  ?
Monkey's Audio Matthew T. Ashland 2000+ 4.06 Free Free Monkey's Audio FFmpeg (decoding only) - - No Yes ? No
MP3 ISO/IEC MPEG Audio Committee 1993 ISO/IEC 11172-3, ISO/IEC 13818-3 Non-free (See notes) Non-free (See notes) FhG, l3enc, MP3enc, (old implementations: Xing TOMPG, SCMPX) LAME (encoding only), FFmpeg (decoding only), libmad (decoding only),(old implementations: BladeEnc) - Yes No No Non-free Yes
(but see notes)
Non-free Yes (optional, rarely used)
MP2 (MPEG-1, 2 Audio Layer II) ISO/IEC MPEG Audio Committee 1993 ISO/IEC 11172-3, ISO/IEC 13818-3 Non-free Non-free various DVD software, video software, audio software TooLAME (encoding only), TwoLAME (encoding only), FFmpeg DAB, DVB, DVD Yes No No Free No[18]  ?
Musepack Frank Klemm/MDT 1997 1.30 (2009-04-02) Free Free
Musepack,[19] FFmpeg (decoding only) - Yes No No Maybe[20] ?
Nellymoser Asao Nellymoser Inc. 2002  ? Non-free Non-free Adobe Flash, Flash Player FFmpeg voice recording No No No Non-free Yes  ?
Opus IETF 2012-09-11 RFC 6716 (libopus 1.0.1) Free Free
libopus, FFmpeg with libopus library (decoding only) Speech, VoIP, Low latency, Studio/transmitter link, wireless audio Yes Yes No royalty-free[21] No
Shorten Tony Robinson 1999-06-02 1. Free Free Shorten FFmpeg (decoding only) - - No Yes No No
SILK Skype Limited 2009-01-07
Free Free Skype
voice recording No No No Non-free Yes ?
Siren 7 PictureTel Corp. (now Polycom Inc.) 1999
?[11][12] ?[11][12] Microsoft Office Communicator FreeSWITCH (libg722_1,[22] aMSN (libsiren - part of libmsn)[23][24] voice recording No Yes No Non-free Yes ?
Speex Xiph.Org Foundation, Jean-Marc Valin 2003-03-24 1.1.12 Free Free Flash Player 10 Speex,[25] FFmpeg with libspeex library voice recording No Yes No No No
SVOPC Skype Limited 2007
? ? Skype
voice recording No Yes No Non-free Yes ?
TwinVQ Nippon Telegraph and Telephone 1996 (?)
Non-free Non-free Winamp with VQF Plugin, NTT TwinVQ player/encoder, Yamaha SoundVQ player, Nero Media Player FFmpeg (decoding only)[26] speech Yes No No Non-free Yes ?
Vorbis (Ogg) Xiph.Org Foundation 2000-05-11 1.3.2 Free Free
libvorbis,[27] aoTuV,[28] FFmpeg - Yes No No No No
WavPack Conifer Software 1998 4.60.1 Free Free
WavPack,[29] FFmpeg (decoding only) - - Yes Yes No No
Windows Media Audio Microsoft 1999 11.0 Free Windows Media Encoder[30] Free for licensees of the Windows operating system [31] Windows Media Player, Windows Media Encoder FFmpeg (decoding only for Pro, Lossless and Voice) internet streaming Yes No Yes Non-free Yes Non-free[32]
Audio compression format Creator First public release date Latest stable version Encoder Cost Player Cost Proprietary implementations (codecs) Open-source implementations (codecs) Application App: Music App: telephony Lossless audio compression Patented DRM

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