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Friday, 28 September 2012

Protocols under H.323 Suite

H.323 is a system specification that describes the use of several ITU-T and IETF protocols. The protocols that comprise the core of almost any H.323 system are:[7]
  • H.225.0 Registration, Admission and Status (RAS), which is used between an H.323 endpoint and a Gatekeeper to provide address resolution and admission control services.
  • H.225.0 Call Signaling, which is used between any two H.323 entities in order to establish communication.
  • H.245 control protocol for multimedia communication, which describes the messages and procedures used for capability exchange, opening and closing logical channels for audio, video and data, control and indications.
  • Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP), which is used for sending or receiving multimedia information (voice, video, or text) between any two entities.
Many H.323 systems also implement other protocols that are defined in various ITU-T Recommendations to provide supplementary services support or deliver other functionality to the user. Some of those Recommendations are:[citation needed]
  • H.235 series describes security within H.323, including security for both signaling and media.
  • H.239 describes dual stream use in videoconferencing, usually one for live video, the other for still images.
  • H.450 series describes various supplementary services.
  • H.460 series defines optional extensions that might be implemented by an endpoint or a Gatekeeper, including ITU-T Recommendations H.460.17, H.460.18, and H.460.19 for Network address translation (NAT) / Firewall (FW) traversal.
In addition to those ITU-T Recommendations, H.323 implements various IETF Request for Comments (RFCs) for media transport and media packetization, including the Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP).

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